The second batch of bugs exploited by Justexploit are common Adobe Acrobat Reader issues, all patched. These have been documented to a large degree and are apparently well understood so I won't go into the mechanics. The bugs, which have been hammered by other exploit kits are:
Adobe Collab overflow - CVE-2007-5659
Adobe util.printf overflow - CVE-2008-2992
Adobe getIcon - CVE-2009-0927
Numerous PoC's and weaponized exploits exist for these issues.
The PDF exploitation associated with the sdfnucleartqg dot info site is hosted at /pdf.php and was already submitted by an unknown party to the excellent wepawet sandbox on 12-4-09:
Wepawet does a good job extracting the shellcode from the PDF, as we see in the "Shellcode and Malware" section. The actual payload starts off with a 0x90 based NOP sled, followed by shellcode that points to the downloading and executing of yet another URL from the same site-
The URL is obvious here and points towards the same windows binary pushed by the MDAC exploit. This binary was detected by VirusTotal on 12/2/09 by 10 out of 41 anti-malware engines (24.39%). See the VirusTotal report for full details, however the relevant results are pasted here:
a-squared 188.8.131.52 2009.12.02 Trojan.Win32.Oficla!IK
CAT-QuickHeal 10.00 2009.12.02 (Suspicious) - DNAScan
Ikarus T184.108.40.206.0 2009.12.02 Trojan.Win32.Oficla
Kaspersky 220.127.116.11 2009.12.02 Trojan.Win32.Sasfis.wox
McAfee+Artemis 5819 2009.12.01 Artemis!8D0F4EC4C458
Microsoft 1.5302 2009.12.01 Trojan:Win32/Oficla.E
Prevx 3.0 2009.12.02 Medium Risk Malware
Rising 22.24.02.03 2009.12.02 Trojan.Win32.Generic.51F273B2
Sophos 4.48.0 2009.12.02 Sus/UnkPack-C
Sunbelt 3.2.1858.2 2009.12.02 Trojan.Win32.Sasfis.a (v)
See the previous blog entry for a basic analysis of the payload. See the Anubis analysis of this binary for further details:
I have found that Anubis doesn't always give me the level of detail that I need. I personally prefer ThreatExpert's sandbox analysis. Anubis does enumerate network activity, which shows the same target binary that was included with the MDAC exploit.
3.c) svchost.exe - Network Activity
Name Query Type Query Result Successful Protocol
h0stels.cn DNS_TYPE_A 18.104.22.168 1
From ANUBIS:1038 to 22.214.171.124:80 - [h0stels.cn]
Request: GET /SHasg2/bb.php?id=590043150&v=200&tm=8&b=justspl
Response: 200 "OK"
It is fair to assume that the Java exploit has the same end result. The exploit code is found in the following JAR (as previously documented elsewhere) - http://sdfnucleartqg dot info/files/sdfg.jar
Avira catches the Jar as JAVA/OpenStream.AD Java Virus
Since java is trivial to reverse, it's easy to see what's going on. If this hasn't already been done ( I think it has ) I'll do it in part 3. Guessing it's based off of public exploit code for the Java bug released a while back. Why should the malware authors expend energy when they can just leech from security researchers? One of the downsides of people publishing exploits (I digress, this is a distinct topic)
ID's generated in this sampling:
Since Wepawet had no problem decoding, I didn't bother running the code through Malzilla or other local decoding tool.
In other news, a URL from the malware chain yesterday has changed it's payload. The page contains what appears to be command & control information for the infection.
http: //h0stels . cn/SHasg2/bb.php?id=555611691&v=200&tm=3&b=3857054178&tid=9&r=1
The new contents of the .cn page points to a new binary:
http: //poezd-v-ad . eu/free1/mqh5.exe
VirusTotal gives what looks mostly like generic detections
AntiVir 126.96.36.199 2009.12.08 TR/Dropper.Gen
DrWeb 188.8.131.5282 2009.12.08 BackDoor.Tdss.based.3
McAfee+Artemis 5825 2009.12.07 Artemis!9D99E88DFEFC
McAfee-GW-Edition 6.8.5 2009.12.08 Trojan.Dropper.Gen
Panda 10.0.2.2 2009.12.08 Suspicious file
Sophos 4.48.0 2009.12.08 Mal/TDSSPack-U
TrendMicro 184.108.40.2061 2009.12.08 BKDR_TDSS.SMA
Sure looks like the TDSS rootkit, based on signature scans.
ThreatExpert isn't able to get much from this binary:
# Submitted sample:
* File MD5: 0x9D99E88DFEFC6528F4BA912D9D9B1F19
* File SHA-1: 0x1BEFD04012D725FA38C5F58E50DDDFD29C7A8CAD
* Filesize: 62,464 bytes
* Alias: Mal/TDSSPack-U [Sophos]
I recall TDSS being analyzed previously, however I would like to see what this particular variant is doing. This will be covered in part three, if it's actions are unique.